Cataracts are a condition in which the normally, clear lens of the eye becomes clouded. Clouding of the lens of the eye can make it difficult to perform regular tasks such as drive or read. Cataracts are usually a slow developing condition. It may not affect vision at first but as the condition progresses it will interfere with one’s vision. Fortunately, there are treatment options that can be performed by ophthalmologists in Las Vegas.
Phacoemulsification, also called small incision surgery, is a surgical method in which the cataract is removed in addition to the front portion of the lens capsule. During this procedure two small incisions are made in the eye. This incision is made where the cornea meets the sclera. A circular opening is made and a small surgical instrument is inserted. Then sound waves are administered through this instrument to break the cataract into pieces. The cataract is then removed with the use of suction. In some cases an intraocular lens implant is placed in the lens capsule.
Intraocular Lens Implant
Implantable lenses are artificial lenses that enable the eye to focus. During cataract surgery the natural lens of the eye is removed. Depending on the patient, an intraocular lens implant may or may not be used to replace this lens. In some cases eyeglasses or contacts can be used.
Laser Cataract Surgery
Laser cataract surgery is available in Las Vegas which begins with the surgeon creating a precise surgical plan with the use of optical coherence tomography. Once this plan is complete the capsulotomy, or removal of the front portion of the capsule is done. The laser is then used to soften and break apart the cataract for removal.
Overall, surgery is the only effective treatment for cataracts. There are options in terms of procedure methods but all involve removing the cataract surgically. After surgery, patients can see clearly within a few hours, but full recovery takes about a month. Once recovered, cataract patients will no longer experience clouded vision.